The machine-gun was one of the deadliest weapons of the Western Front, causing thousands of casualties. It was a relatively new weapon at the start of the war, but British and German forces soon realised its potential as a killing machine, especially when fired from a fixed defensive position.
Which weapon of ww1 resulted in trench warfare and high numbers of casualties?
With the development of trench warfare, increasingly large artillery was developed to fire high explosive shells and smash enemy trenches, like this battery of 9.2 inch howitzers. The majority of casualties on the Western Front were caused by artillery shells, explosions and shrapnel.
Which weapon of the First World war resulted in trench warfare?
How was trench warfare used in World War I? The widespread use of machine guns and rapid-firing artillery pieces on the Western Front meant that any exposed soldier was vulnerable. Protection from enemy fire could only be achieved by digging into the earth.
What weapons were used in ww1 trenches?
- Trench Weapons.
- Underground Mining.
- Artillery and Mortars.
- Poison Gas.
- Tanks and Armoured Vehicles.
What was trench warfare in ww1?
Trench warfare is a type of fighting where both sides build deep trenches as a defense against the enemy. … During World War I, the western front in France was fought using trench warfare. By the end of 1914, both sides had built a series of trenches that went from the North Sea and through Belgium and France.
Which weapon of the First World war resulted in trench warfare and high numbers of casualties quizlet?
Machine guns: Deemed to be “weapons of mass destruction”. Machine guns inflicted appalling casualties on both war fronts in WW1. Machine guns were one of the main killers in the war and accounted for many thousand of deaths.
What was the impact of trench warfare in WW1?
No Man’s Land: Trench Warfare
During World War I, trench warfare was a defensive military tactic used extensively by both sides, allowing soldiers some protection from enemy fire but also hindering troops from readily advancing and thus prolonging the war.
Which weapon had the greatest impact in ww1?
Artillery. Artillery was the most destructive weapon on the Western Front. Guns could rain down high explosive shells, shrapnel and poison gas on the enemy and heavy fire could destroy troop concentrations, wire, and fortified positions. Artillery was often the key to successful operations.
What were chemical weapons used for ww1?
The modern use of chemical weapons began with World War I, when both sides to the conflict used poisonous gas to inflict agonizing suffering and to cause significant battlefield casualties.
What weapon killed the most in ww1?
The greatest number of casualties and wounds were inflicted by artillery, followed by small arms, and then by poison gas. The bayonet, which was relied on by the prewar French Army as the decisive weapon, actually produced few casualties.
Were swords used in trench warfare?
Infantry Weapons in Trench Warfare↑
The rank and file carried a bolt-action rifle and a bayonet. Officers were equipped with a sword and a handgun (revolver or pistol). With the advent of permanent trench warfare, combat had to be reorganized not only across the trenches but also within.
How were weapons used in ww1?
They had to cut through belts of barbed wire before they could use rifles, bayonets, pistols, and hand grenades to capture enemy positions. … As their effectiveness became apparent, both sides shot planes down with artillery from the ground and with rifles, pistols, and machine guns from other planes.
What kind of weapons were used in war?
The war was fought using a wide range of weapons, from personal guns like pistols and rifles, to larger weapons like machine guns.
Which weapons caused the need for trench warfare in WWI Why?
World War I was a war of trenches. After the early war of movement in the late summer of 1914, artillery and machine guns forced the armies on the Western Front to dig trenches to protect themselves.
Why did Germany use chemical weapons in WWI?
They were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally very slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.